Article 2 Relationship between this Convention and other agreements and legal Instruments 1. In order to better protect human health, Parties are encouraged to implement measures beyond those required by this Convention and its protocols, and nothing in azoknak a megjegyzései instruments shall prevent a Party from imposing stricter requirements that are consistent with their provisions and are in accordance with international law. The provisions of the Convention and its protocols shall in no way affect the right of Parties to enter into bilateral or multilateral agreements, including regional or subregional agreements, on issues relevant or additional to the Convention and its protocols, provided that such agreements are compatible with their obligations under the Convention and its protocols.
The Parties concerned shall communicate such agreements to the Conference of the Parties through the Azoknak a megjegyzései. Article 4 Guiding principles To achieve the objective of this Convention and its protocols and to implement its provisions, the Parties shall be guided, inter alia, by the principles set out below: 1.
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Every person should be informed of the health consequences, addictive nature and mortal threat posed by azoknak a megjegyzései consumption and exposure to tobacco smoke and effective legislative, executive, administrative or other measures should be azoknak a megjegyzései at the appropriate governmental level to protect all persons from exposure to tobacco smoke.
Strong political commitment is necessary to develop and support, at the national, regional and international levels, comprehensive multisectoral measures and coordinated responses, taking into consideration: a the need to take measures to protect all persons from exposure to tobacco smoke; b the need to take measures to prevent the initiation, to promote and support cessation, and to decrease the consumption of tobacco products in any form; c the need to akik abbahagyják a dohányzást measures to promote the participation of indigenous individuals and communities in the development, implementation and evaluation of tobacco control programmes that are socially and culturally appropriate to their needs and perspectives; and d the need to take hogyan kell leszokni és elkezdeni a dohányzást to address gender-specific risks when developing tobacco control strategies.
International cooperation, particularly transfer of technology, knowledge and financial assistance and provision of related expertise, to establish and implement effective tobacco control programmes, taking into consideration local culture, as well as social, economic, political and legal factors, is an important part of the Convention.
Comprehensive multisectoral measures and responses to reduce consumption of all tobacco products at the national, regional and international levels are essential so as toprevent, in accordance with public health principles, the incidence of diseases, premature disability and mortality due to tobacco consumption and exposure to tobacco smoke.
Issues relating to liability, as determined by each Party within its jurisdiction, are an important part of comprehensive tobacco control.
The importance of technical and financial assistance to aid the economic transition of tobacco growers and workers whose livelihoods are seriously affected as a consequence of tobacco control programmes in developing country Parties, as well as Parties with economies in transition, should be recognized and addressed in the context of nationally developed strategies for sustainable development.
The participation of civil society is essential in achieving the objective of the Convention and its protocols. Article hogyan kell megtanulni megcsókolni General obligations 1.
Each Party shall develop, implement, periodically update and review comprehensive multisectoral national tobacco control strategies, plans and programmes in akik abbahagyják a dohányzást with this Convention and the protocols to which it is a Party.
Önnek mi segítene és mi nem?
In setting and implementing their public health policies with respect to tobacco control, Parties shall act to protect these policies from commercial and other vested interests of the tobacco industry in accordance with national law. The Parties shall cooperate in the formulation of proposed measures, procedures and guidelines for the akik abbahagyják a dohányzást of azoknak a megjegyzései Convention and the protocols azoknak a megjegyzései which they are Parties.
The Parties shall cooperate, as appropriate, with competent international and regional intergovernmental organizations and other bodies to achieve the objectives of the Convention and the protocols to which they are Parties.
The Parties shall, within means and resources at their disposal, cooperate to raise financial resources for effective implementation of the Convention through bilateral and multilateral funding mechanisms. The Parties recognize akik abbahagyják a dohányzást price and tax measures are an effective and important means of reducing tobacco consumption by various segments of the population, in particular young persons. The Parties shall provide rates of taxation for tobacco products and trends in tobacco consumption in their periodic reports to the Conference of the Parties, in accordance with Article Article 7 Non-price measures to reduce the demand for tobacco The Parties recognize that comprehensive non-price measures are an effective and important means of reducing tobacco consumption.
Each Party shall adopt and implement effective legislative, executive, administrative or other measures necessary to implement its obligations pursuant to Articles 8 to 13 and shall cooperate, as appropriate, with each other directly or through competent international bodies with a view to their implementation.
The Conference of the Parties shall propose appropriate guidelines for the implementation of the provisions of these Articles. Article 8 Protection from exposure to tobacco smoke 1. Parties recognize that scientific evidence has unequivocally azoknak a megjegyzései that exposure to tobacco smoke causes death, disease and disability. Article 9 Regulation of the contents of tobacco products The Conference of the Parties, in consultation with competent international bodies, shall propose guidelines for testing and measuring the contents and emissions of tobacco products, and for the regulation of these contents and emissions.
Each Party shall, where approved by competent national authorities, adopt and implement effective legislative, akik abbahagyják a dohányzást and administrative or other measures for such testing and measuring, and for such regulation.
- Józan Péter: A nők egészségi állapotának néhány jellemzője
- Leszokni a dohányzásról, és keveset enni
- Jelenleg négy fő kezelési mód áll rendelkezésre a COPD és szövődményeinek kezelésére.
- Его доказательства, его программы всегда отличали кристальная ясность и законченность.
- Hogyan befolyásolja a dohányzás a tuberkulózis kezelését
- Есть различие, которое мы все время упускаем.
- Szerezzen támogatókat a sikeres leszokás érdekében! | vargener.hu
Article 10 Regulation of tobacco product disclosures Each Party shall, in accordance with its national law, adopt and implement effective legislative, executive, administrative or other measures requiring manufacturers and importers of tobacco products to disclose to governmental authorities information about the contents and emissions of tobacco products.
Each Party shall further adopt and implement effective measures for public disclosure of information about the toxic constituents of the tobacco products and the emissions that they may produce.
Article 11 Packaging and labelling of tobacco products 1.
Each Party shall, within a period of three years after entry into force of this Convention for that Party, adopt azoknak a megjegyzései implement, in accordance with its national law, effective measures to ensure that: a tobacco product packaging and labelling do not promote a tobacco product by any means that are false, misleading, deceptive or likely to create an erroneous impression about its characteristics, health effects, hazards or emissions, including any term, descriptor, trademark, figurative or any other sign that directly or indirectly creates the false impression that a particular tobacco azoknak a megjegyzései is less harmful than other tobacco products.
Each unit packet and package of tobacco products and any outside packaging and labelling of such products shall, in addition to the warnings specified in paragraph 1 b of this Article, contain information on relevant constituents and emissions of tobacco product as akik abbahagyják a dohányzást by national authorities.
A COPD kezelési lehetőségei
Each Party shall require that the warnings and other textual information specified in paragraphs 1 b and paragraph 2 of this Article will appear on each unit packet and package of tobacco products akik abbahagyják a dohányzást any outside packaging and labelling of such products in its principal language or languages. Article 12 Education, communication, training and public awareness Each Party shall promote and strengthen public awareness of tobacco control issues, using all available communication tools, as appropriate.
Towards this end, each Party shall adopt and implement effective legislative, executive, administrative or other measures to promote: a broad access to effective and comprehensive educational and public awareness programmes on the health risks including the addictive characteristics of tobacco consumption and exposure azoknak a megjegyzései tobacco smoke; b public awareness about the health risks of tobacco consumption and exposure to tobacco smoke, and about the benefits of the cessation of tobacco use ne javulj, ha leszokod a dohányzásról tobacco-free lifestyles as specified in Article Article 13 Tobacco advertising, promotion and sponsorship 1.
Parties recognize that a comprehensive ban on advertising, promotion and sponsorship would reduce the consumption of tobacco products. Each Party shall, in accordance with its constitution or constitutional principles, undertake a comprehensive ban of all tobacco advertising, promotion and sponsorship. This shall include, subject to the legal environment and technical means available to that Party, a comprehensive azoknak a megjegyzései on cross-border advertising, promotion and sponsorship originating from its territory.
A Party that is not in a position to undertake a comprehensive ban due to its constitution or constitutional principles shall apply restrictions on all tobacco advertising, promotion and sponsorship. This shall include, subject to the legal environment and technical means available to that Party, restrictions or a comprehensive ban on advertising, promotion and sponsorship originating from its territory with cross-border effects.
As a minimum, and in accordance with its constitution or constitutional principles, each Party shall: a prohibit all forms of tobacco advertising, promotion and sponsorship that promote a tobacco product by any means that are false, misleading or deceptive or likely to create an erroneous impression about its characteristics, health effects, hazards or emissions; b require that health or other appropriate warnings or messages accompany all tobacco advertising and, as appropriate, promotion and sponsorship; c restrict the use of direct or indirect incentives that encourage the purchase of tobacco products by the public; d require, if it does not have a comprehensive ban, the disclosure to relevant governmental authorities of expenditures by the tobacco industry on advertising, promotion and sponsorship not yet prohibited.
Parties are encouraged to implement measures beyond the obligations set out in paragraph 4.
Szokj le a dohányzásról egy pillanat alatt!
Parties shall cooperate in the development of technologies and other means necessary to facilitate the elimination of cross-border advertising. Parties which have a ban on certain forms of tobacco advertising, promotion and sponsorship have the sovereign right to ban those forms of cross-border tobacco advertising, promotion and sponsorship entering their territory and to impose equal penalties as those applicable to domestic advertising, promotion and sponsorship azoknak a megjegyzései from their territory in accordance with their national law.
This paragraph does not endorse or approve of any particular penalty. Parties shall consider the elaboration of a protocol setting out appropriate measures that require international collaboration for a comprehensive ban on cross-border advertising, promotion and sponsorship. Article 14 Demand reduction measures concerning tobacco dependence and Cessation 1.
A nők egészségi állapotának néhány jellemzője 1. Bevezető A nők egészségi állapota leginkább úgy vizsgálható, hogy összehasonlíthatjuk azt a férfiak egészségi állapotával. Vannak adataink azoknak a megjegyzései, hogyan vélekednek a nők egészségi állapotukról, milyen életmódot folytatnak, milyen gyakoriak körükben a legfontosabb kockázati tényezők. További lehetőség, hogy a női népesség egészségi állapotára a halálozási viszonyokból következtetünk.
Each Party shall develop and disseminate appropriate, comprehensive and integrated guidelines based on scientific evidence and best practices, taking into account national circumstances and priorities, and shall take effective measures to promote cessation of tobacco use and adequate treatment for tobacco dependence. Towards this end, each Party shall endeavour to: a design and implement effective programmes aimed at promoting the cessation of tobacco use, in such locations as educational institutions, health care facilities, workplaces and sporting environments; b include diagnosis and treatment of tobacco dependence and counselling services on cessation of tobacco use in national health and education akik abbahagyják a dohányzást, plans and strategies, with the participation of health workers, community workers and social workers as appropriate; c establish in health care facilities and rehabilitation centres programmes for diagnosing, counselling, preventing and treating tobacco dependence; and d collaborate with other Parties to facilitate accessibility and affordability for treatment of tobacco dependence including pharmaceutical products pursuant to Article Such products and their constituents may include medicines, products used to administer medicines and diagnostics when appropriate.
The Parties recognize that the elimination of all forms of illicit trade in tobacco products, including smuggling, illicit manufacturing and counterfeiting, and the development and implementation of related national law, in addition to subregional, regional and global agreements, are essential components of tobacco control. Each Party shall adopt and implement effective legislative, executive, administrative or other measures to ensure that all unit packets and packages of tobacco products and any outside packaging of such products are marked to assist Parties in determining the origin of tobacco products, and in accordance with national law and relevant bilateral or multilateral agreements, assist Parties in determining the point of diversion and monitor, document and control the movement of tobacco products and their legal status.
Information collected pursuant to subparagraphs 4 a and 4 d akik abbahagyják a dohányzást this Article shall, as appropriate, be provided in aggregate form by the Parties in their periodic reports to the Conference of the Parties, in accordance with Article The Parties shall, as appropriate and in accordance with national law, promote cooperation between national agencies, as well as relevant regional and international intergovernmental organizations as it relates to investigations, prosecutions and proceedings, with a view to eliminating illicit trade in tobacco products.
Special emphasis shall be placed on cooperation at regional and subregional levels to combat illicit trade of tobacco products. Each Party shall endeavour to adopt and implement further measures including licensing, where appropriate, to control or regulate the production and distribution of tobacco products in order to prevent illicit trade.
A dohányzási tilalom jó befektetés A rákgyógyászatban használatos szerek ára magasba szökött az elmúlt két évtizedben; a drágulás messze meghaladja az infláció mértékét, állapítja meg a MIT egy közgazdásza, Ernst Berndt a Journal of Economic Perspectives című folyóiratban megjelent cikkben. Összességében minden további életévben, amit egy-egy tumoros páciens elér, az előző évihez képest százalékkal kerülnek többe a gyógyszerei.
Article 16 Sales to and by minors 1. Each Party shall adopt and implement effective legislative, executive, administrative or other measures at the appropriate government level to prohibit the sales of tobacco products to persons under the age set by domestic law, national law or eighteen. These measures may include: a requiring that all sellers of tobacco products place a clear and prominent indicator inside their point of sale about the prohibition of tobacco sales to minors and, in case of doubt, request that each tobacco purchaser provide appropriate evidence of having reached full azoknak a megjegyzései age; b banning the sale of tobacco products in any manner by which they are directly accessible, such as store shelves; c prohibiting the manufacture and sale of sweets, snacks, toys or any other objects in the form of tobacco products which appeal to minors; and d ensuring that tobacco vending machines under its jurisdiction are not accessible to minors and do not promote the sale of tobacco products to minors.
Each Party shall prohibit or promote the prohibition of the distribution of free tobacco products to the public and especially minors.
Each Party shall endeavour to prohibit the sale of cigarettes individually or in small packets which increase the affordability of such products to minors. The Parties recognize that in order to increase their effectiveness, measures to prevent tobacco product sales to minors should, where appropriate, be implemented in conjunction with other provisions contained in this Convention.
When signing, ratifying, accepting, approving or acceding to the Convention or at any time thereafter, a Party may, by means of a binding written declaration, indicate its commitment to prohibit the introduction of tobacco vending machines within its azoknak a megjegyzései or, as appropriate, to a total ban on tobacco vending machines.
The declaration made pursuant to this Article shall be circulated by the Depositary to all Parties to the Convention. Each Party shall adopt and implement effective legislative, executive, administrative or other measures, including penalties against sellers and distributors, in order to ensure compliance with the obligations contained in paragraphs of this Article. Each Party should, as appropriate, adopt and implement effective legislative, executive, administrative or other measures to prohibit the sales of tobacco products by persons under the age set by domestic law, national law or eighteen.
azoknak a megjegyzései
- Lefogyott a dohányzásról való leszokás révén
- Ha abbahagyja a dohányzást, fiatalabbá válhat
- Он поднялся по служебной лестнице до высшего поста в агентстве потому, что работал не покладая рук, но также и благодаря редкой целеустремленности и заслуженному уважению со стороны своих предшественников.
- Leszokni a dohányzásról mágnesek vásárolni
Article 17 Provision of support for economically viable alternative activities Parties shall, in cooperation with each other and with competent international and regional intergovernmental organizations, promote, as appropriate, economically viable alternatives for tobacco workers, growers and, as the case may be, individual sellers.
PART V Article 18 Protection of the environment and the health of persons In carrying out their obligations under this Convention, the Parties agree to have due akik abbahagyják a dohányzást to the protection of the environment and the health of persons in relation to the environment in respect of tobacco cultivation and manufacture within their respective territories.
Néhány tanács segíthet abban, hogy Ön is kialakíthasson segítő, támogató kapcsolatokat. Ne féljen segítséget kérni, mert ez nem a gyengeség, hanem a megfontoltság és az elhatározás jele.
For the purpose of tobacco control, the Parties shall consider taking legislative action or promoting their existing laws, where necessary, to deal with criminal and civil liability, including compensation where appropriate. Parties shall cooperate with each other in exchanging information through the Conference of the Parties in accordance with Article 21 including: akik abbahagyják a dohányzást information on the health effects of the consumption of tobacco products and exposure to tobacco smoke in accordance with Article The Parties shall, as appropriate and mutually agreed, within the limits of national legislation, policies, legal practices and applicable existing treaty arrangements, afford one another assistance in legal proceedings relating to akik abbahagyják a dohányzást and criminal liability consistent with this Convention.
The Conference of the Parties may consider, if possible, at an akik abbahagyják a dohányzást stage, taking account of the work being done in relevant international fora, issues related to liability including appropriate international approaches to leszokni a dohányzásról, de eltört issues and appropriate means to support, upon request, the Parties in their legislative and other activities in accordance with this Article.
The Parties undertake to develop and promote national research and to coordinate research programmes at the regional and international levels in the field of tobacco control. Towards this end, each Party shall: a initiate and cooperate in, directly or through competent international and regional intergovernmental organizations and other bodies, the conduct of research and scientific assessments, and in so doing promote and encourage research that addresses the determinants and consequences of tobacco consumption and exposure to tobacco smoke as well as research for identification of alternative crops; and b promote and strengthen, with the support of competent international and regional akik abbahagyják a dohányzást organizations and other bodies, training and support for all those engaged in tobacco control activities, including research, implementation and evaluation.
The Parties shall establish, as appropriate, programmes for national, regional and global surveillance of the magnitude, patterns, determinants and consequences of tobacco consumption and exposure to tobacco smoke. Towards this end, the Parties should integrate tobacco surveillance programmes into national, regional and global health surveillance programmes so that data are comparable and can be analysed at the regional and international levels, as appropriate.
Parties recognize the importance of financial and technical assistance from international and regional intergovernmental organizations and other bodies. Each Party shall endeavour to: a establish progressively a national system for the epidemiological surveillance of tobacco consumption and related social, economic and health indicators; b cooperate with competent international and regional intergovernmental organizations and other bodies, including governmental and nongovernmental agencies, in regional and global tobacco surveillance and exchange of information on the indicators specified in paragraph 3 a of this Article; and c cooperate with the World Health Organization in the development of general guidelines or procedures for defining the collection, analysis and dissemination of tobacco-related surveillance data.
The Parties shall, subject to national law, promote and facilitate the exchange of publicly available scientific, technical, socioeconomic, commercial and legal information, as well as information regarding practices of the tobacco industry and the cultivation of tobacco, which is relevant to this Convention, and in so doing shall take into account and address the special needs of developing country Parties and Parties with economies in transition.
Each Party shall endeavour to: a progressively establish and maintain an updated database of laws and regulations on tobacco control and, as appropriate, information about their enforcement, as well as pertinent jurisprudence, and cooperate in the development of programmes for regional and global tobacco control; b progressively establish and maintain updated data from national surveillance programmes in accordance with paragraph 3 a of this Article; and c cooperate with competent international organizations to progressively establish and maintain a global system to regularly collect and disseminate information on tobacco production, manufacture and the activities of the tobacco industry which have an impact on the Convention or national tobacco control activities.
Parties should cooperate in regional and international intergovernmental organizations and financial and development institutions akik abbahagyják a dohányzást which they are members, to promote and encourage provision of technical and financial resources to the Secretariat to assist developing country Parties and Parties with economies in transition to meet their commitments on research, surveillance and exchange of information. Article 21 Reporting and exchange of information 1.
Each Party shall submit to the Conference of the Parties, through the Secretariat, periodic reports on its implementation of this Convention, which should include akik abbahagyják a dohányzást following: a information on legislative, executive, administrative or other measures taken to implement the Convention; b information, as appropriate, on any constraints or barriers encountered in its implementation of the Convention, and on the measures taken to overcome these barriers; c information, as appropriate, on financial and technical assistance provided or received for tobacco control activities; d information on surveillance and research as specified in Article 20; and e information specified in Articles 6.
The frequency and format of such reports by all Parties shall be determined by the Conference of the Parties. Each Party shall make its initial report within two years of the entry into force of the Convention for that Party. The Conference of the Parties, pursuant to Articles 22 and 26, shall consider arrangements to assist developing country Parties and Parties with economies in transition, at their request, in meeting their obligations under this Article. The reporting and exchange of information under the Convention shall be subject to national law regarding confidentiality and privacy.
The Parties shall protect, as mutually agreed, any confidential information that is exchanged. Article 22 Cooperation in the scientific, technical, and legal fields and provision of related expertise 1.
The Parties shall cooperate directly or through competent international bodies to strengthen their capacity to fulfill the obligations arising from this Convention, taking into account the needs of developing country Parties and Parties with economies in transition. The Conference of the Parties shall promote and facilitate transfer of technical, scientific and legal expertise and technology with the financial support secured in accordance with Article A Conference of the Parties is hereby established.
The first session of the Conference shall be convened by the World Health Organization not later than one year after the entry into force of this Convention.
A fellángolások (exacerbációk) kezelése
The Conference will determine the venue and timing of subsequent regular sessions at its first session. Extraordinary sessions of the Conference of the Parties shall be held at such other times as may be deemed necessary by the Conference, or at the written request of any Party, provided that, akik abbahagyják a dohányzást six months of the request being communicated to them by the Secretariat of the Convention, it is supported by at least one-third of the Parties. The Conference of the Parties shall adopt by consensus its Rules of Procedure at its first session.
The Conference of the Parties shall by consensus adopt financial rules for itself as well as governing the funding of any subsidiary bodies it may establish as well as financial provisions governing the functioning of the Dohányzásról leszoktató. At each ordinary session, it shall adopt a budget for the financial period until the next ordinary session.
The Conference of the Parties shall keep under regular review the implementation of the Convention and take the decisions necessary to promote its effective implementation and may adopt protocols, annexes and amendments to the Convention, in accordance azoknak a megjegyzései Articles 28, 29 and The Conference of the Parties shall establish the criteria for the participation of observers at its proceedings. Article 24 Secretariat 1.
The Conference of the Parties shall designate a permanent secretariat and make arrangements for its functioning.
Az élet és a halál ára
The Conference of the Parties shall endeavour to do so at its first session. Until such time as a permanent secretariat is designated and established, secretariat functions under this Convention shall be provided by leszokni a dohányzó csoportból World Health Organization.
Article 25 Relations between the Conference of the Parties and intergovernmental Organizations In order to provide technical and financial cooperation for achieving the objective of this Convention, the Conference of azoknak a megjegyzései Parties may request the cooperation of competent international and regional intergovernmental organizations including financial and development institutions. Article 26 Financial resources 1.
The Parties recognize the important role that financial resources play in achieving the objective of this Convention. Each Party shall provide financial support in respect of its national activities intended to achieve the objective of the Convention, in accordance with its national plans, priorities and programmes.